Sunday 31 March 2013

The Butler Pedigree


The surname, BUTLER, originated in the Chief Butlerage of Ireland conferred  upon Theobald Walter the first of the family who settled in that kingdom.”

The following is the history and lineage of the BUTLER name.


The paternal ancestry of the Butler family can be traced to a Norman named Hervey, who lived in England from the late 11th century. He had a son, Hervey Walter, and a daughter, Alice, and possibly another son named Hubert Walter (the namesake of Hervey Walter's second son of that name).
The identity of Hervey’s parents has not been positively established. 

Hervey’s son, Hervey Walter, married a lady of considerable consequence, Maud de Valognes, sister-in-law of Ranulph de Glanville, the most powerful of Henry II’s subjects who helped the rapid advancement of the family.

Their eldest son, Theobald Walter, was the first to migrate to Ireland. He was one of many knights who accompanied Prince John in 1185 following the invasion by Strongbow in 1171. 

Theobald was granted the hereditary title of [Chief] Butler of Ireland, having served as butler to Prince John (b.c.1167) who was created Lord of Ireland in 1177 by his father, King Henry II. No records reveal the date Theobald was granted this title, but probably during the reign of King Richard I (1189-1199). Theobald and his brother Hubert were brought up in the household of their powerful uncle Rannulf de Glanville. When Prince John was about 12 years of age, he was also placed in the household of Rannulf to be taught the business of government. Theobald and his uncle Rannulf de Glanville accompanied John on his first visit to Ireland in 1185 with 300 of his knights and administrators, and were well rewarded with lands. It appears that Theobald was Prince John’s personal butler, which probably came about when John was placed in Ranulf de Glanville’s household.

Theobald first assumed the style ‘Pincerna’ when attesting a grant from the archbishops of Dublin as ‘pincerna domini comitis Moretoniae in Hibernia’/’the butler of the count of Mortain (Prince John) in Ireland’ (Curtis, Ormond Deeds, no. 11; Cott. MS fol.266)

John was made Count of Mortain on Richard’s accession in July 1189, so, the hereditary title of Butler of Ireland came after that time.

 One of the few records in which Theobald’s title of Pincerna/Butler is attached is in the Red Book of the Exchequer (v.1, p.114)

A.D. 1196-97:

 And, in his benefaction to Furness Abbey in Lancashire in King Richard’s reign (ie.1189-1199), Theobald began the charter: “Omnibus sanctae matris ecclesiae filiis tam presentibus quam futuris, Theobaldus Walterus pincerna Hybernie salute.” (pincerna Hybernie= butler of Ireland). (Thomas Carte, The Life of James Duke of Ormonde, v.1, New edit. 1851 [1st pub.1736], p.xlii)

 As Richard spent a total of 6 months in England during his ten-year reign, his realm was administered by his mother, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, and between 1193 and 1198, Hubert Walter, appointed by Richard as Chief Justiciar and Archbishop of Canterbury, in effect, acted as regent during his absence. Theobald’s close relationship with John ended during John’s rebellion against Richard in 1193-94 when Theobald surrendered Lancaster Castle in 1194 to his brother Hubert who convinced Theobald to pledge loyalty to Richard. From that time, Theobald would no longer have acted as butler to John. It was probably during this tumultuous time that Hubert organised an upgrade of Theobald’s title to that of hereditary [Chief] Butler of Ireland/pincerna Hybernie. The following generations of [Chief] Butlers of Ireland took the surname 'le Boteler'.

The Chief Butler of Ireland was one of the hereditary great officers of state. One of the official duties of such was to present the first cup of wine to the King after his coronation. Hence the cup symbols on the Butler crest. The office also held the right to about one tenth of the cargo of any wine ship that broke bulk in Ireland.

The following generations of Chief Butlers became very powerful in Ireland, acquiring extensive properties in Tipperary, Kilkenny, Carlow and, to a lesser extent, in other counties in the south. Their base was the castle at Gowran.

The 7th Butler, James, married King Edward III’s niece (and grand-daughter of Edward I), and was created Earl of Ormond in 1328.
The 3rd Earl of Ormond acquired Kilkenny Castle around 1391 and this became the base for the Earls of Ormond until 1967 when the 23rd Earl handed the castle over to the people of Kilkenny.

The Butlers remained one of the most powerful families in Ireland and in Royal circles, culminating in the 12th Earl, James, being created 1st Duke of Ormonde by Charles II, following the Restoration in 1660.
Their power declined rapidly following the 2nd Duke’s decision to support the Jacobite Rebellion and James II, who was subsequently deposed in 1691. When George I ascended the throne in August 1714, James, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, was attainted and died in exile in 1745. Although he lost his English titles, the family retained the Irish titles.


q born c.1080's
q had sons Hervey Walter, and Hubert Walter (of Snapeshall, Fressingfield in Suffolk)
q had a daughter Alice to whom he gave a dowry of 400 acres in Lancashire in 1130's-40's when she married Orm son of Magnus of Lancashire
q had estates in East Anglia- in Norfolk and Suffolk  


q  married Maud de Valognes, sister-in-law of Ranulph de Glanville, the most powerful of Henry II's subjects, who would advance their children
q had 4-5 sons- Theobald, Hubert, Roger, and Hamo and possibly Bartholomew
                  - second son Hubert, Bishop of Salisbury, was instrumental in raising the enormous ransom demanded by the German Emperor Henry VI for Richard Coeur de Lion (Richard I) whom he accompanied on the third Crusade as Bishop of Salisbury. He later, as Chief Justiciar, governed England ably and even laid some of the foundations of democracy as we know it. He retained the confidence of Henry II and his heirs Richard I and John; he was immensely powerful and became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1193; Chief Justice and Governor of the Kingdom during the absence of Richard I; Chancellor of England in 1199; Pope's Legate in the reign of King John, and died in 1205 in his manor of Teynham.
q Hervey died c.1186


q  eldest son of Hervey Walter
q   Theobald, who the King sent into Ireland in 1185 with Prince John. He was granted the title of Butler of Ireland, a dignity which comprised the status of a baron and one of the duties attached to which, was to attend at the coronation of the kings of England and present them with the first cup of wine. From the office of Butlership of Ireland they took the name Butler. He was appointed Sheriff of Lancashire 1194-99 and Justice Itinerant 1197. By the King’s royal bounty, his own prowess and valiant behaviour, he became very eminent and attained great and large possessions in Ireland, namely the baronies of Upper Ormond, Lower Ormond, and numerous other territories in England and Ireland.
q  He founded the Abbey of Wotheney, Co. Limerick, where he was buried in 1205, and the monastry of Arklow, Co. Wicklow, where the 2nd ,3rd and 4th Butlers are buried; as well as The abbeys of Nenagh, Co. Tipperary and Cockersand in Lancashire.
q  He married, 2ndly, Maud Vavasour daughter of Robert le Vavasour of Yorkshire and grand-dau of William le Vavasour, Justiciary of England, and had a son, Theobald, and daughter Maud who married Geoffrey de Prentergast, Lord of Enniscorthy and the Duffrey, co. Wexford
q  died 1205
q  2nd Chief Butler of Ireland, who first assumed the name of Le Botiler or Butler in 1221
q  born 1199/1200
q  served with the Earl of Pembroke 1223 and in the Gascon Campaign 1229
q  married-a) Joan, (daughter of Geoffrey de Marreis, Justiciar of Ireland), who died in childbirth – son: Theobald
           married -b) Rohesia- son: John- her descendants became the Lords of Verdon but did not retain the name Butler. In 1225, Henry III personally requested her to marry  his “beloved Theobald le Botiller”.
q  died 19 July 1230, at a young age, in France.
q  3rd Chief Butler of Ireland
q  born c.1216
q  supported his guardian, Henry III, in the wars with the Barons
q  married c.1242, Margery, eldest daughter of Richard de Burgh, Lord Deputy of Ireland (ancestors of the Lords Clanricarde) and had a  son, Theobald.
q  died at a young age in 1249

     6) THEOBALD
q  born c. 1242 Thurles Negagh; died 26/9/1285 Arklow
q  4th Chief Butler of Ireland.
q  married Joan, (died 1303), grand-daughter of Geoffrey, Earl of Essex, Justiciar of England and had 8 sons and 2 daughters.
q  fought against the Mortimers at Eversham and campaigned under Edward I in Scotland and Wales
q  sat as a Baron in the Irish Parliaments, fought in the Eversham Campaign and assisted Edward I in his wars in Scotland before he died, 26 Sept. 1285                                                                               
q  8 sons: Theobald, Edmond, Thomas, John, Richard, Gilbert, Nicholas, James
                     -Theobald, the 5th Chief Butler, remained unmarried; he accompanied Edward I to Scotland  when the Coronation Stone was purloined and he died at age 30, in 1299 and was succeeded by his brother Edmond of Roscrea 6th Butler
                     -Thomas who died 1330, became the 1st  Lord Dunboyne (Feudal) when he married Synolda le Petit d/o and heiress of William le Petit Baron of Dunboyne
                      -John, who was father of Paul of Toberwolick in 1333, called from him, Paulstown

7) EDMOND of Roscrea
(brother of Theobald the 5th Butler, and son of  Theobald the 4th Butler)
q  c.1270-1321
q  6th Chief Butler of Ireland at age of 26
q  married 1302, Joan, daughter of John Fitzgerald, 1st Earl of Kildare
q  received the honour of Knighthood in London 1309; appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland 1312; Chief Governor under title of Lord Justice1314
q  was said to have bestowed peace on the land and his services were  recognised and rewarded: in 1315, Edward II granted him the castle and manor of Karrick Mac Griffyn and Roscrea to be held by him and his heirs under the name and honour of Earl of Karrick.
q  had 3 sons: James, John of Clonamelchon (b. c 1306), Laurence of Callan (b. c1308 -IGI)
                                     -John of Clonamelchon’s descendant, Pierce (died 1661) became 1st Viscount Ikerrin, and his  descendant, Somerset   (died 1774) became 1st Earl of Carrick in 1748.
                                       :daughter, Joan, married Roger Mortimer, 2nd son of  the 1st Earl of March (implicated in the murder of Edward II)
q  at one time allegations of treachery were made against him which were eventually cleared.
q  in March 1321, he set forth with his brother, Thomas, 1st Lord  Dunboyne, for Spain, on a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. James of  Compostela. He died on his return to London in September.

     8) JAMES
q  born 1305
q  became 7th  Chief Butler of Ireland at the age of 16
q  knighted 1326 on his 21st birthday
q  became 1st Earl of Ormond, created 2 November 1328
q  married 1327, Eleanor (died 1363), daughter of Humphrey de Bohan, 6th Earl of Hereford, High Constable of England, by his wife, Princess Elizabeth, daughter of  King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile .
q  had 2 sons:- John b. 1330, died in infancy
                                - James
                                            - daughter, Petronilla
q  a few weeks after he was created Earl of Ormond, he was granted, by Edward III, the regalities and liberties of Co. Tipperary.(ie. the County Palatinate of Ormond ie. one possessed of such royal privileges as to rule in his palatine as a king)
q  he lived and fought mainly in Ireland
q  he died, 6 January 1337, at the  young at age 32 in his manor, a stone tower covered with shingles, at Moyalvi, Co. Tipperary and was buried at Gowran.

   9) JAMES BALBH (“the chaste”)
q  born 4 Oct 1331, Kilkenny-died 18 Oct 1382, Knocktopher
q  2nd Earl of Ormond in 1338 at the age of 7 yrs; 8th Chief Butler
q  called the “Noble Earl” because he was the great grandson of King Edward 1.
q  in 1359, 1364 and 1376, appointed Lord Justice of Ireland
q  he was afflicted with a stammer. (sometimes called ‘the dumb’)
q  married Elizabeth,(1332-1390) daughter of John Darcy, 1st Lord Darcy of Platten co. Meath
q  had 2 sons , James and Thomas, and 4 daughters, including Eleanor who married 3rd Earl of Desmond
q  he spent most of his life in Ireland where the considerable estates he inherited were augmented by grants for his good services .
q  he died, 18 October, 1382, at Knocktopher aged 51, and buried at Gowran.

         10) JAMES
q  born c.1360; died 6 Sept. 1405
q  3rd Earl of Ormond –1382 and Earl of Gowran, and 9th Chief Butler
q  married a)Anne,(b.1367) daughter of John de Welles, 4th Lord Welles
 married (b)- c.1432, Elizabeth, dau. of Gerald Fitzgerald, 5th Earl of Kildare (no issue).
q  built a castle at Gowran; purchased Kilkenny Castle from the heirs of Hugh Despenser 12th Sept 1391 (where he entertained King Richard II.) 
q  he was several times governor of Ireland
q  had two illegitimate sons by Katherine fitzGerald d/o 4th Earl of Desmond- a)James “Galda” whose descendant, Theobald (died 1596) became the 1st Lord Cahir and his descendant Richard (died 1819) also became 1st Earl of Glengall; and b) Thomas who became Prior of Kilmainham
q  had 4 legitimate sons: JAMES (A), RICHARD (B), Edmund and Thomas
 A).- JAMES, 1390-1452; succeeded as 4th Earl of Ormond, 10th Chief Butler; known as “The White Earl”; was a seasoned warrior having served under Henry V just after, if not at, the Battle of Agincourt; also a lover of history, heraldry, antiquity and archaeology and died at 62 of the plague at Ardee and buried in Dublin. James married (a) in 1413, Joan (died 1430) daughter of    William  Beauchamp, 1st Lord Bergavenny and had 3 sons, James, John and Thomas,  each of whom inherited his earldom and died young without male issue.
                          James’s issue:
 First son, JAMES 5th Earl of Ormond, 11th Chief Butler, born 1420,  was a prominentn Lancastrian and fought in the “Wars of the Roses”.Henry VI created him Earl of Wiltshire, a knight of the Garter and Lord High Treasurer. After a Yorkist triumph at Towton, he was executed at Newcastle, aged 41, and  his  head set upon London Bridge.
Second son JOHN 6th Earl of Ormond, 12th Chief Butler.  Edward IV genially regarded James's brother John the 6th Earl of Ormond as “the goodliest knight he had ever beheld and first  gentleman in Christendom” and added that “if good breeding, nurture  and liberal qualities were lost in the world, they might be found in John, Earl of Ormond. He was a complete master of the languages of Europe, and was sent as ambassador to its principal courts. He died unmarried in 1478 in the Holy Land
Third son THOMAS became 7th Earl of Ormond, 13th Chief Butler (died 1515) in 1489 under King Henry VII and was one of the  wealthiest of the King’s subjects;  he had 2 daughters:  the son of one inheriting 36 manors in England; the other married Sir William Boleyn, and their son,  Thomas Boleyn  had a daughter Ann Boleyn who married King Henry VIII  and had a daughter, Elizabeth, who became Queen Elizabeth I. Thomas Boleyn was made Earl of Ormonde in 1527 but the Peerage returned to kinsman, Piers Butler 8th Earl, when Ann and her brother were beheaded in 1536.
(second son of James, 3rd Earl of Ormond)- beginning of the MacRichard line (see separate blog for details on this line)
q  1395-c.1440 at Polestown, (Paulstown), Kilkenny (IGI records)
q  became Sir Richard of Knocktopher
q  married Catherine, daughter of Gildas O’Reilly, Lord of East Breffny, co. Cavan
q  had 2 sons- Edmond 'MacRichard',  Walter, & 3 daus
q  his great grandson Piers inherited the title of 8th Earl of Ormond.

q  14--to1464 (13 June)- of Polestown, Kilkenny
q  Sir, a Knight
q  married Gylys (died 1506), daughter of Mulroney O’Carroll
q  had 4 sons- JAMES, Walter (d.1506, began the Polestown/Paulstown line of Kilkenny), Richard of Borlick, and John of Cowleshill, & 4 daus
q  he built Black Castle at Thurles to guard the pass over the Suir and led the Butlers to disaster in 1462 when he was captured at Piltown Co. Kilkenny, fighting the Desmond Geraldines and, to be released, he had to surrender to his captors his Book of Carrick and his copy of the Psalter of Cashel (now in the Bodleian Library,Oxford).

q  14--to 1467 (16 April)
q  married Sabina (died c 1503-1508), daughter of Donell Keagh Kavanagh , Lord of Ferns co. Wexford ( his sons were, in turn, titled Kings of Leinster)
q  had 4 sons-: Edmond and Theobald were illegitimate and “lay under a cloak” at their parents’ marriage in 1465; became known as the Butlers of Neagham/Neecham                
                                -: PIERS, and John; and  4 daughters

    13) PIERS ( Red Piers)
q  born c.1460/66 (Dedham, Essex) –died 26 Aug. 1539
q  8th Earl of Ormond, 14th Chief Butler in 1515-the title Earl of Ormond  was surrendered in 1529 when it was given to Thomas Boleyn and restored in 1538 when the Boleyns fell out of favour with King Henry VIII.
q  created 1527, Earl of Ossory at Windsor and made governor of  Ireland
q  married 1495 in Kilkenny, Margaret (died 1542), daughter of Gerald Fitzgerald 8th Earl of Kildare;
q  had 3 sons- JAMES, RICHARD, Thomas; and 4 daughters
               (NB. RICHARD, created 1st Viscount Mountgarrett  23 Oct. 1550- see separate blog on the Mountgarrett line in Co Wexford:  )- see tree below

q  during the early years of their marriage, they were reduced to penury by Sir James Ormond (bastard nephew of the 7th Earl of Ormond) and at one time were forced to "lurk in the woods"; the next day, Piers found out where his enemy was to travel, ambushed him, and "gored the bastard through with his spear."
q  “ It required all his pertinacity to get himself recognised as the true heir to the earldom”.
q  they founded Kilkenny College
q  he died 1539 and was the first of the Earls of Ormond to be buried in St Canice’s Cathedral, Kilkenny. His formidable Countess, Margaret, was buried next to him (and they have two magnificent carved effigies over their tomb.)

Tomb of Piers and Margaret in St Canice's Cathedral Kilkenny
Viscount Thurles (son and heir of Walter 11th Earl of Ormond, and father of James 1st Duke of Ormonde) behind them

14) JAMES (The Lame)
q  born 1504-died 28 Oct 1546 (d. London, England)
q  9th Earl of Ormonde, 1541, 2nd earl of Ossary and Viscount Thurles (created 1535), 15th Chief Butler
q  he had been brought up at the Court of Henry VIII who had a. high regard for him and created him Viscount Thurles in 1536
q  married abt 1532-1535, Joan (died 1565), daughter of James  Fitzgerald, 10th Earl of Desmond (the Butlers and Desmonds had  been in dispute for years and would continue to do so after the death of Joan)
q  for 14 years before his mysterious death, James was Lord  High Treasurer of Ireland and was given 7 religious establishments on the Dissolution of the Monastries.
q  17th October 1546, at age 42, he went with his servants to be entertained to supper by Sir John Dudley at Ely House in Holburn and they were mortally poisoned. It has not been established if it was an accident or deliberate. However, of the party of 50, 35 sickened, 17 fatally which probably indicates it was an accident, food poisoning being rife in London during that period, giving rise to an Act of  Parliament punishing cooks of poisoned food by boiling them alive.
He died on the 28th October 1546
q  The confusion caused by his Will gave rise to the Irish Public Records Office. He was buried in London , but his heart was interred in St Canice’s Cathedral.
q  had 7 sons:
-a) THOMAS-1531-1614: 10th Earl of Ormond, 16th Chief Butler, at age 15 ; called Black Tom or the Black Earl, from the darkness of his complexion; he was brought up at Court with the young Prince Edward ;he  remained steadfastly devoted to his relation, Elizabeth I and was one of her favourite courtiers for over 30 years, a rival for Lord Robert Dudley Earl of  Leicester and the Earl of Sussex, who were also favoured by the queen. There were rumours she bore him Piers Butler of  Duiske in 1554, the  father of the 1st  Earl of Galmoy and she is said to have called Black Tom her “black husband”;
    -1559- constituted Lord Treasurer of Ireland 
-he had no surviving sons, only a dau. Elizabeth, whose daughter Elizabeth Preston married the 12th  Earl of Ormonde who became the 1st Duke of Ormond, but Thomas had at least 12  illegitimate children and  married 3 times
-b) Edmond of Roscrea and Cloughgrenan, co. Carlow-1534-1614;  knighted 1560; his son, Theobald married only dau. and heiress of 10th Earl of  Ormonde in her 1st marriage before she married Robert Preston.
-        had 4 sons who all died young without issue
-        also had 2 illegitimate sons- Thomas became the ancestor of the Baronets of Cloughrennan Co. Carlow
 - Edmond led his brothers and relations in a rebellion in 1569, for which he was  arrested and saved by his brother the 10th Earl of Ormonde

-c) John of Kilcash- c.1531 to 10 May 1570- ancestor of the Earls and Dukes of Ormond and later Earls and Marquess' of Ormonde
- two sons, Walter and James
Son, WALTER of Ballynodagh, a devout Catholic became 11th Earl of Ormond and 17th Chief Butler; known as Walter of the Beads; his claim to the estates was thwarted by James I who imprisoned him for 8 years; he died 1633.
Walter's son Thomas Viscount Thurles drowned as he was being sent to England on charges of having garrisoned Kilkenny;
Thomas Viscount Thurles married Elizabeth Poyntz and had three sons, JAMES,John and RICHARD. (Elizabeth Poyntz married secondly George Matthew and had sons Theobald and George Mathew- the Mathew family of Thurles and Thomastown, Tipperary) 
Thomas Viscount Thurles' son JAMES, who became a royal ward, would restore the family fortunes and become 12th Earl of Ormonde and 18th Chief Butler in 1633, created 1st Marquess of Ormonde in 1642; he supported Charles I and the Royalists against the Catholic Confederate rebels of Ireland led by his relatives, but joined forces with them to fight against Cromwell's invasion, and shared the privations of exile with Charles II on the Continent, and after the Restoration was created 1st Duke of Ormonde and was Privy Councillor or England, Ireland and Scotland, and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; he was buried in Westminster Cathedral in 1688. (Ancestor of Queen Elizabeth II).

James's grandson, also named JAMES would succeed him as 2nd Duke of Ormonde (and 13th Earl of Ormonde and 19th Chief Butler). He would participate in the victory over the Duke of Monmouth at Sedgemoor. James did not support the accession of James II and when William of Orange ascended the throne, James was constituted High Constable for the Coronation. He attended William into Ireland, was at the Battle of the Boyne and entertained the King at Kilkenny. In 1693 he was at the battle of Landen, where he received several wounds and had his horse shot out from under him. In 1702 Queen Ann made him Commander in Chief of the land forces sent against France and Spain, where he destroyed the French Fleet, sunk Spanish galleons in the harbour of VIGO, and took the fort of Redondella. In 1711, he was declared Capt. General and Commander in Chief of the land forces in Britain after Queen Ann dismissed Marlborough. In 1713 he was made Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Constable of Dover Castle. But after the accession of George I, his Grace was impeached in 1715 for high treason for supporting the accession of the son of the exiled Catholic James II (ie. James III), and his Palatinate of Tipperary was annulled. He died in exile in France in 1745 and his remains interred in the family vault in Westminster Abbey.
The title Duke of Ormonde which was an English title became extinct, but the Irish title of Earl of Ormonde was inherited by descendants of the 1st Duke of Ormonde's brother RICHARD BUTLER of Kilcash and Garryricken.

-d) Walter of Nodstown -c.1538 to 1560 (born at Ballynenoddagh, Tipperary)-1 son Pierce who had six sons. Lost estate by Cromwell and transplanted.

 -e) James of Duisk- 1540 to 1566; 1 son who died young

 -f) Edward of Cloughinche- 1542 to 1605; 1 son (died  young)

-g) Pierce of Abbeyleix and Grantstown- 1545-1604
-born c.1545-died 1604                           
-married 1569, Catherine, (died 1597), daughter of John Power, Lord Power  (or Poer) of Curraghmore – married at Gowran co. Kilkenny (IGI record
 -was attainted (charged with treason and deprived of rights) in
1570 along with 2 brothers Sir Edmond and Edward for participating in the rebellion of  1569 over fears of land dispossession. Their brother, Black Tom, came back to Ireland to sort out the matter and returned to Court when their allegiance was finally restored
 -had 6 sons: James, William, Thomas, Edward, Richard, Edmond. (from whom descend the Butlers of Kilmoyler and Grantstown
 -James, 15—to 1598 – killed in a skirmish
-William, 15-- (probably died before 1600
 -Thomas, 15-- to ? 
 -Edward, 15-- to 1626; daughter Ellen married his nephew Richard (no 24)
 -Richard, 15—to 16—  -owned Killenaule in 17th century -of the Grantstown line of Butlers -married 1.?   2. Catherine, daughter of Henry Power - 3 sons probably by first wife- Richard, Edmund, John  (all born 1600-1610
(NB: all of above born 1569 to 1597)

The various lines descending from these seven sons of the 9th Earl of Ormond populated the Counties of Tipperary and Kilkenny and can be traced to some extent through the Butler Testamentary Records (Wills).
According to Bryant Ormond Butler in his book “The Butler Family of Lebanon, Connecticut” page 8
“Thomas Butler, tenth Earl of Ormond, lived at Carrick-on-Suir, Tipperary and from there waged wars which drove the Geraldines (Fitgerald family line) back into western Ireland. After the great Desmond rebellion (Fitzgeralds again) of 1579-1583 the Butlers were given large tracts of land in the Barony of Clanwilliam along both banks of the River Suir. These Tipperary lands belonged to the Desmonds and the Burkes. The Earl of Ormond divided these new possessions among his kinsmen. Grantstown, Kilmoyler, Ballycarron and Derrycloney were estates thus given out in the division. The Butlers of Derrycloney, Mastertown, and half of Hemmingstown from Walter Butler, Eleventh Earl of Ormond.” (N.B. These lands were a few miles west and south of Cashel. Walter was Thomas’s nephew from brother John of Kilcash)

Ormonde Ancestral Tree descended from Walter Butler 11th Earl of Ormond

tree continued from Walter of Garryricken

Tree continued from the sons of John 17th Earl of Ormonde:

The title of Earl of Ormonde today:

The title of Chief Butler of Ireland was declared redundant in 1810, the Marquess of Ormonde, Walter Butler, paid  216,000 pounds in compensation.
The 25th Earl of Ormonde and 7th Marquis of Ormonde, James Hubert Theobald Charles Butler died in 1997 aged 98 yrs, having succeeded to the titles in 1971. As he only had two daughters who cannot inherit, the titles have become dormant until claimed by a descendant of another branch of the Ormond Butlers. At this point, unless descent from one of the descendants of James 9th Earl of Ormond can be proven, the most likely recipient would be the current descendant of the 9th Earl's brother Richard 1st Viscount Mountgarrett viz. Piers James Richard Butler 18th Viscount Mountgarrett, b. 1961.

Refer to The Butler Society website for the late Patrick Lord Dunboyne's synopsis of this question of inheritance:


Part 1: The Ancestral Origins of Theobald Walter, Ancestor of the Butlers of Ireland

Part 2: Possible candidates for the Walter surname named 'Walter' in the Domesday Book

Part 3: Analysis of the various theories of the origins of the Walter family

Part 4: Lands of the Walter family